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Misoprostol

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: Cytotec®
    • Brand Names: Canada: Apo-Misoprostol®;Novo-Misoprostol;PMS-Misoprostol

    Uses
    • It is used to stop NSAID-associated gastric ulcers in patients with a history of ulcers.
    • It is used to get your cervix ready for childbirth.
    • It is used to end your pregnancy.
    • It is used to start labor.
    • Misoprostol protects the GI (gastrointestinal) tract from NSAIDs
    • It causes the uterus to contract.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • Oral:
    • Take this drug with food.
    • Vaginal:
    • Use tablet vaginally.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
    • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
    • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
    • Do not change the dose or stop this drug. Talk with the doctor.

    Storage

    • Store at room temperature.
    • Protect from water. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.
    • Pregnancy:
    • This drug will be given to you in a hospital or doctor's office. You will not store it at home.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • If you are taking this drug to stop gastric ulcers, do not take it if you are pregnant. Use a helpful kind of birth control.
    • If you are taking Mifeprex® to end your pregnancy, very bad infections may happen after the use of this drug. Call your doctor if you have an upset stomach, throwing up, loose stools, weakness with or without belly pain, or fever more than 1 day after care.
    • Do not share this drug with others.
    • Sometimes drugs are not safe when you take them with certain other drugs. Taking them together can cause bad side effects. This is one of those drugs. Be sure to talk to your doctor about all the drugs you take.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to misoprostol or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • If you are breast-feeding.
    • To avoid gastric ulcer:
    • If you are pregnant or may be pregnant.

    Precautions

    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • Use birth control that you can trust to stop pregnancy while taking this drug to stop ulcers.

    Side Effects

    • Headache.
    • Belly pain.
    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Loose stools (diarrhea).

    Monitoring

    • Change in the health problem being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue or gray skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
    • Very bad belly pain.
    • Very loose stools (diarrhea).
    • If taking to end a pregnancy: Upset stomach, throwing up, loose stools, or weakness with or without belly pain or fever.
    • Any rash.
    • Side effect or health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2013 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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