Table of Contents > Drug > Ethinyl Estradiol and Levonorgestrel Print

Ethinyl Estradiol and Levonorgestrel

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: AmethiaT;AmethystT;AvianeT;CamreseT;Enpresse®;IntrovaleT;JolessaT;Lessina®;Levora®;LoSeasonique®;Lutera®;Lybrel®;Nordette® 28;OrsythiaT;Portia®;Quasense®;Seasonale®;Seasonique®;Sronyx®;Trivora®
    • Brand Names: Canada: Alesse®;Aviane®;Min-Ovral®;Seasonale®;Triphasil®;Triquilar®
    • Mexican Brand Names: Microgynon;Microgynon CD;Nordet;Trinordiol;Triquilar
    • Pharmacologic Category: Contraceptive;Estrogen and Progestin Combination

    Uses
    • It is used to stop pregnancy.
    • It is used to treat endometriosis.
    • It is used to treat women with hypogonadism.
    • It is used to treat heavy bleeding during monthly periods (menstruation).
    • Ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel stops pregnancy by stopping egg release (ovulation) from hormonal changes. Changes in the cervical mucus and endometrium make it hard for sperm to get into and form a fertilized egg that can attach to the uterine lining.
    • It helps hormone balance.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • Follow how to use as you have been told by your doctor or read the package insert.
    • Take this drug at the same time of day.
    • Take with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.
    • If your monthly cycle is 28 days and you miss 2 periods in a row, take a pregnancy test before starting a new dosing cycle.
    • If you have a cycle longer than 91 days and you miss one period, take a pregnancy test before starting a new dosing cycle.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it and go back to your normal time.
    • Missed dosing facts may be found in the package insert or call your doctor to find out what to do.

    Storage

    • Store at room temperature.
    • Protect from water. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • Do not smoke while taking birth control pills. Cigarette smoking raises the chance of very bad heart and blood-related side effects. This chance is higher with age (older than 35 years of age) and with heavy smoking (15 or more cigarettes per day). Birth control pills do not stop the spread of diseases caused by having sex.
    • Unsafe side effects may happen. This drug cannot be taken while you are taking some other drugs. Check all the drugs you are taking with your doctor.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to ethinyl estradiol, levonorgestrel, or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • If you have any of these health problems: Blood clots, breast cancer, diseased arteries in the brain, disease of a heart valve with problems, endometrial cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure, liver disease, liver tumor, very bad headache, tumor where estrogen makes it grow, or vaginal bleeding.
    • If you have surgery and need bed rest.
    • If you are a heavy smoker (more than 15 cigarettes per day) and older than 35 years of age.
    • If you turned yellow during pregnancy or with estrogen-based or hormone contraceptive use.
    • If you are pregnant or may be pregnant.

    Precautions

    • If you have any blood flow problems, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have gallbladder disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have heart disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have high blood sugar (diabetes), you will need to watch your blood sugar closely.
    • If you have kidney disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have liver disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have migraine headaches, talk with your doctor.
    • Have your blood pressure and heart rate checked often. Talk with your doctor.
    • Have your blood work checked. Talk with your doctor.
    • If you are taking a blood thinner, have your blood work checked. Talk with your doctor.
    • Have an eye exam every year.
    • Do monthly breast self-exams and have a gynecologic exam every year.
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • Avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice.
    • Do not take St John's wort with this drug. This drug may not work as well.
    • If you are taking this drug and have high blood pressure, talk with your doctor before using OTC products that may raise blood pressure. These include cough or cold drugs, diet pills, stimulants, ibuprofen or like products, and some natural products or aids.
    • Avoid cigarette smoking. People older than 35 years of age and/or smoking more than 15 cigarettes per day have more chance for heart disease.
    • To protect from diseases caused by having sex, use a latex condom.
    • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.

    Side Effects

    • Weight gain.
    • Headache.
    • Belly pain.
    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Swelling.
    • Enlarged breasts.
    • For women, vaginal yeast infection. Report itching or discharge.
    • Period (menstrual) changes. These include lots of bleeding, spotting, or bleeding between cycles.
    • Gallbladder disease, blood clots, heart attacks, and other blood vessel problems may rarely happen.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Chest pain or pressure or a fast heartbeat.
    • Trouble breathing.
    • Change in strength on 1 side is greater than the other, trouble speaking or thinking, change in balance, or blurred eyesight.
    • Swelling or pain in the leg or arm.
    • Very bad headache.
    • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
    • Not able to eat.
    • Dark urine or yellow skin or eyes.
    • A lump in the breast or breast soreness.
    • For women, if you get pregnant while taking this drug.
    • Any rash.
    • Health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
    • Read the package insert for more details.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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